Italy, Pompei

Located SE of Naples at foot of Mount Vesuvius; possibly founded by the Oscans in 6th century BCE; ruled by Samnites, then taken by Rome ca. 80 BCE; was prosperous city and resort; damaged by earthquake in 63 CE, rebuilt; destroyed by eruption of Vesuvius in 79 CE; one of three sites grouped together in an UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1997 and noted for their well-preserved remains due to ash covering. Located about 15 miles southeast of Napoli; ancient Roman settlement destroyed in 79 CE by the eruption of Mt. Vesuvius; well-preserved ruins due to the ash covering were discovered during the 18th century; one of three sites grouped together in an UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1997.